First Atelier Arts Sciences residency, Virus//Anti-Virus, taking its name from the performance which was its artistic outcome, brought together for several months a choreographer/dancer and a researcher in data processing to investigate the relationship between art and technology, artistic gesture and music production through the latest miniaturized motion detector developed at the Micro-Systems and Communicating Objects Department (CEA/LETI/DCIS) : the “ StarWatch”.
The meeting between the two project holders, Annabelle Bonnéry and Dominique David had taken place several years before at the Rencontres-i Arts Sciences Biennale, but the 2007 Residency involved an artistic team on a larger scope ; the Lanabel Company as well as a scientific research unit. The residency gave rise to an initial result : a choreographic performance shown at MC2 Grenoble in October 2008.
Electronic intelligence and body language of dancing are rarely brought together in one show. We find them side by side in Virus//Antivirus
Experimenting makes an inherent part of the Lanabel Company’s itinerary. This is how, having been deeply involved in the world of industry with the show "Que Calor", "we thought maybe we could go further," says Annabel Bonnéry, "to investigate questions we had about technology and human body and hyper-implants." These questions were first raised by François Deneulin, scenographer and co-founder of the company, who had participated in the first creativity workshops at Minatec IDEAs Laboratory® directed by Michel Ida. Thereafter he was joined by Annabelle Bonnéry, a choreographer dancer, and their shared interest in sensors kept growing.
The bonds were very quickly established between the artist, who used to dream about being an engineer and the CEA researcher who had released three CDs as a music composer. "With Annabelle, we were immediately drawn to inventing and creating a body language based on a motion sensor that generates music. The first demonstration, a year and a half ago, was compelling and following a few working sessions, the magical fusion came alive. We gathered very quickly the bits which could give rise to a show," reveals Dominique David.
This first collaboration within the framework of the Atelier Arts Sciences turned out to be very promising. The common goal, requiring availability, openness, a sharp view and high standards from all parties, has been shaped from these different challenges.
For Dominique David, who has been working on the design and development of StarWatch since 2000 : "One of our objectives, keeping in mind that electronics has become a commonality used by everyone, is to further develop computers in a sense to avoid keyboards that are not natural for man. Therefore, we need to find out new, more intuitive ways to interact by a sort of miniaturization that will allow us to capture movement."
A way of using computers hands-free, if you will. Associating the artistic expression of an actor-choreographer and a researcher in a dance solo, with the aim of improving this innovative technology and refining its application, brings a rich benefit. "With the mouse and the keyboard, we are very far away from the artistic gesture. With StarWatch, we set gestures free," adds Dominique David, allowing a more profound way of expression." In a broader sense, constantly endeavouring to improve the human-electronics interface, Dominique David’s StarWatch could become more accessible to everyone and it might conquer new users as well.
"Succeeding in transferring gestures to a machine in order to reach beyond the ready-made use of the mouse or the keyboard, would favour artistic expression and would give a larger scope for improvisation and spontaneity."
If the StarWatch application is enhanced, which is already on its way, it will help physically challenged people. Compensating muscle weakness by neuro-stimulation and using the sensors as their extension. The title, proclaimed by Annabelle Bonnéry, as a tribute to those who might become the first users of this technology, evokes medical use.
"I am fascinated by the idea of these sensors being able to relate what is happening inside the body and compensate for its deficiencies. This technological device, initially created to optimise the human body, questions contemporary dance. But the body itself, won’t it be lost at a certain point in the performance ? What I am interested in, is to demonstrate, in a playful way, the eventually contrasted outcomes of this modernization while putting them in perspective or in focus. Virus/Antivirus is also in the spirit of thesis/anti-thesis, but I would not answer this now."
"The objective," carries on Dominique David, "is also to proceed with electronics that makes sense, since this path has not been sufficiently explored yet." During six weeks of research residency, their task was to transform these challenges into imagination inspiring the spectators to see the human body under a different angle.
Nadine Epron - Editing the epistemological follow-up of the residency.
Artistic Co-Director/Choreographer and Dancer
Born in Chenôve in 1973. Started her dancing career at the CNR (Regional National Conservatory) in Dijon at the age of 8 and followed an education in contemporary dance until the age of seventeen. She met Ramon Oller and joined the Metros Company in Barcelona in 1991. Became member of the CCN (National Choreography Centre) in Grenoble/Jean-Claude Galotta, at the end of 1994. Dances in collaboration with Jean-Claude Gallotta in various productions and shows for four years.
Assumed a role and participated in a production by the Taffanel Company in Montpellier and joined the Rui Horta Company in Munich (Germany) in 2000, then in Montemor-o-Novo (Portugal) for the plays "Zeitraum", "Blindspot", "Oir" and the film "Rugas".
Brought her collaboration as assistant to Rui Horta’s several projects.
Met the Maguy Marin Company and collaborated with them for a role in "Umwelt", in 2005. The same year, she joined in Christine Bastin’s company for the production "De la lune et de l’eau".
In 1998, in collaboration with François Deneulin, founded the LANABEL Company and danced a solo premier "Je est un autre", then the duo "Mém(n)oire" with Nicola Carofiglio. She contributed to the creation of the Groupe Zoïle and to two collaborative plays, "Salé" and "Horace Phreg".
In 2003, she was invited with François Deneulin to form the quartet "On the Edge" for the dancers of the Scottish Dance Theatre in Dundee (Scotland).
The same year, she produced with the LANABEL Company the solo "9mn" and the play "Les Caudataires" for six performers.
In July 2004, Annebelle Bonnéry was invited to participate in the COLINA project (Collaborations in Arts), European Artistic Laboratory. Among others, she collaborated on the film "Rag a Bull", by the British choreographer Charlotte Vincent and created "Protese para una balerina" in collaboration with Javier Nunez Gasco, Spanish performer.
In September 2005, she was invited by the Festival ArtRage and the WAAPA in Perth, West Australia to create the Tomeetyou, a show for 12 Australian dancers.
In May 2005, in collaboration with the LANABEL Co., she has founded the quartet "Qué Calor", inspired by the industrial world, at the Belem Cultural Centre in Lisbon.
In February 2007, she and François Deneulin were invited with by Jason Beechey to produce "Dans tout ça/ Alles im allem" for the Palucca Schule in Dresden students.
In March 2007, she created with the LANABEL Co. the play for five dancers, EXCITE, at the O Espaço do Tempo in Portugal.
In parallel with producing for stage, she has been teaching professional groups, such as NorrDans (Sweden),the Gulbenkian Ballet (Portugal), the Ballet in Nuremberg (Germany), Charleroi Danses, the Raffinerie (Belgium), the NDDT (Denmark), the CCN in Grenoble and the CCN in Rillieux-la-Pape.
She regularly conducts artistic awareness raising activities with children, students and non-professionals.
Stage Director, Scenographer, Graphic Designer
Having completed studies in Fine Arts and History of Arts in Lyon (BFA) and having worked for two years at the DRAC Rhône-Alpes/Ministry of Culture in charge of Fine Arts, he worked for two years in industry as designer and trainer for the 3D Volume Pro-Engineer Solution.
His first encounter with dance was in 1995. In 1998, he founded the LANABEL Company in collaboration with Annabelle Bonnéry and has produced several shows including two collaborative plays (Groupe Zoïle) as well as the video entitled "Akiko".
Within the company, he is in charge of their website, photos, videos, scenography, artistic co-direction and of administration as a whole. Piling up paintings and other art objects, he has recently become a virtual gallery owner for contemporary artists.
Digital Sound and Visual Artist
Graduated in Sound and Film Studies.
Started performing improvised music in 1982 and has been engaged in composing music for dance in 1989 with Mark Haim in Lisbon and with Coogan Dancers in Munich.
Since then, he has created for dance, theatre, cinema, video, installations and multi-media platforms, having collaborated with various collectives and artists.
With Rui Horta, choreographer, he created the music for "Pixel" and "LP". Some of his music compositions were played in "Rugas", "Blinspot" and other plays.
In 1997, his independent music CD, "Tales from Chaos", was considered one of the ten most important founding pieces in Portuguese electronic music and "Flow", his latest CD, was acclaimed by Wire Magazine as one of the best electronic music recordings in 2006.
With Guillermo Weickert, he co-directed "Go With The Flow", a dance stage adaptation of his album "Flow".
He has four solo releases and several compilations worldwide.
During live shows or recordings, he has collaborated with an important number of musicians such as : Stephan Mathieu, Simon F. Turner, Incite, Phil Niblock, Colleen, Harald Sack Ziegler, Pedro Carneiro, Carlos Zingaro, André Gonçalves, Sergi Jordà, Paulo Raposo, @c, Marc Behrens, Scanner, Pure, o.blaat… as well as with visual artists : Lia, Stolen, Images Inc, André Sier, Carsten Goertz, Nina Juric, Michael Armingeon, Philip Rahlenbeck - KE4 and Gabriel Shalom.
Festival performances and on tour : Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Leipzig, Freiburg, Berlin, Hambourg, Cologne (Flow tour), Atlantic Waves 03 05 (London), Ultrasound (Huddersfield), Lem (Barcelona), La Révolution des oreilles (Instants Chavirés-Paris), IFI (Pontevedra), Screen (Porto), Festival X (Lisbon), Lovevideo (Porto), Re.actor (Genk), X Bienal Biennale de Arte (Vila Nova de Cerveira), EME (Setubal, Palmela), Camp05 (Montermor-o-Novo), Camp05 (Stuttgart), SonicScope (Lisbon), Metazonic Lx (Lisbon), Imagens Projectadas (Lisbon), Pass World : Portugal (Sevilla) Differing Paths, KHM (Cologne).
Since 2000, he has also been director and producer at the EME Festival (Portugal) dedicated to alternative music and experimental visual arts.
Engineer at SUPELEC, Doctor in Signal Processing
Habilitated research director for senior CEA Experts in data processing (at CEA since 1985), he ensures scientific perspective and overall research management. Has conducted research in various fields, always at the human-electronics interface (vision and image processing, biochips, motion sensors.)
In collaboration with Michel Ida, he was one of the initiators of the MINATEC IDEAs Laboratory®, where he has been an advocate of electronics to be as much integrated in our life as a sheet of paper or a pen. Therefore, listening to what one wants to say and the way he wants to put it, becomes essential. Here is one of the reasons for capturing movement and working with the Lanabel Company. He is also a musician.
Measuring human movement has been used in more and more applications in many different fields, such as video games, computer animation, sports gesture analysis (amateur or professional athletes), just as well as in medicine. Current motion capture systems are complex and highly priced. They are reserved for professional applications. They require a special laboratory and users that are trained.
The CEA/LETI has been working for several years on a new approach of using micro systems attached to the body or to other objects to be motion tracked. These micro-systems are sensitive to the magnetic and acceleration fields, or to rotational speed.
The market offering of these sensors has been growing every year.
They are the main products in microelectronics (ST Microelectronics, Honeywell, Analogue Devices, Freescale, Aichi Steel Asahi Kasei, OKI, …), but also at more specialised manufacturers (Tronic’s, Colibris…) as well as R&D activities at CEA MINATEC.
LE MOTION POD
IL est le premier réseau de capteurs du mouvement humain sans fil.
Chaque noeud du réseau en étoile formé combine en un seul module des capteurs magnétiques et accélérométriques, un lien radio basse consommation propriétaire LETI et une batterie.
Le réseau peut comporter jusqu’à 16noeuds, de la taille d’une petite montre.
L’autonomie permet un fonctionnement d’une journée complète.
Ce système est transféré à la spin off Movea.
It is the first wireless human motion sensor network.
Each star-shaped node in the network incorporates, in one single module, magnetic and accelerometric sensors, a low-power consumption radio patented at LETI and a battery.
The network can contain up to 16 nodes, the size of a standard wristwatch.
It provides one-day autonomy.
The system is transferred to the spin-off company Movea.
Developed technologies :
• Architecture System
• RF Protocol
• Signal Processing
Associated research topics
• Communicating Objects
• Wireless Sensor Network
• Body Area Network
• Signal Processing
• Technologies for sports and health
Potential application fields
• Intuitive interfaces
• Office automation
• 3D Geolocalisation
• Video games
A young start-up, a spin off from CEA-Leti founded in March 2007, designs and commercializes motion micro-sensors such as the Motion Pod, able to transfer movements in real-time. Wide range of applications in human-machine interface, in particular in interactive arts and video games.
info movea-tech.com / Tél : 04 38 02 37 21 / www.movea-tech.com
Meeting fields of art, industry, society thanks to the Labo-i organized by Hexagone Scène Nationle Arts Sciences - Meylan, the Virus//Anti-virus show is created at the interface of dance, technological and scientific research.
This projects brings together researchers at CEA-Grenoble and artists around the theme of body - from image to matter.
The installation-performance places the spectator in the centre of a space-system being shaped during the performance. In two parts, "Virus and Antivirus" explores a specific language uniting the individual with what he creates, initiates and interprets. In the first part the dancer is equipped with detectors (StarWatch) which will disappear during the second part.
Choreography and dance by Annabelle Bonnéry
Installation and video by François Deneulin
Music and electric violin by Dominique David
Music by Vitor Joaquim
Light design by Elodie Llinarès
Costumes by Kathy Brunner
StarWatch by Philippe Klein
With the support of Magali Cros
Dates for tours :
5 November 2008 in Aveiro - Portugal
11 November 2008 in Cadiz - Spain
13 and 14 November 2008 in Seville - Spain
7 February 2009 at CCB in Lisbonne - Portugal
13 and 14 February 2009 in Saint-André de la Réunion
1 May 2009 at the Carthage Festival in Tunis - Tunisia
8 June 2009 at the Festival Temps d’image in Istanbul - Turkey
25 and 26 July 2009 in Canton - China
25 November 2009 at the Cité des Arts - Chambéry
14 January at the Saragosse Theatre in Pau
5 November 2009 in Aveiro - Portugal
From 28 April to 2 May 2011 at the Barroquissimo Festival in Puebla - Mexico
(Four-day professional training for dancers, from 3 to 6 May 2011)
To read le Cahier N°1, the residency log in the Cahier N°1